people's subjectivity and the road of chinese modernization-凯发k8天生赢家

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people's subjectivity and the road of chinese modernization

modernization is an inevitable choice for the development of all countries. however, a considerable number of latecomer countries either stumbled on the road of modernization or suffered twists and turns in the process, mired in political turmoil, polarization, ethnic conflicts and ecological deterioration. even a few pioneering western countries, their modernization "myth" is fading, exposing many shortcomings such as capital-centered, materialistic expansion, and facing the severe challenge of how to re-industrialization in economy and re-modernization in society and politics. this also shows that modernization is only in progress, never completed; there is no immutable and universal mode of modernization, only the successful road that follows the law of modernization.

whether a country is people-centered or not is the fundamental yardstick to measure the path of modernization

there are many factors that influence the process of modernization, such as history and culture, natural endowment, international conditions, domestic structure, system and mechanism, and organizational individuals. in the historical process of the continuous advancement of modernization, which is a deep multi-dimensional process, these factors do not play a single or direct role. only through the main body in the modernization process, namely the people, can they be transformed, integrated and interactive, and finally form a resultant force. therefore, whether people are the center or not is the fundamental yardstick to measure the road of modernization of a country. the success of modernization depends on whether more people participate in the modernization process and whether the fruits of modernization can be shared by more people. in this sense, whether it's to time to divide the modern road, or in the region, history and culture to modern type, divided into or system to the difference between modern direction, is the phenomenon level, with some limitations, have not touched the essence of the national modernization points different reasons, namely whether or not people can become the subject of promoting modern, whether modernization is centered on the people.

china is a latecomer and passive participant in the modernization process. after the late qing dynasty, the great powers surrounding the intrusion, the process of china's modernization hobbled open, competently carrying the anti-japanese, the purpose of the new army, from the west to oriental, looking for modernization, though an attempt to start, but eventually die failure, failure to change the condition of being one of the chinese nation, suffered the same fate with many backwardness countries.

the founding of the communist party of china (cpc) brought new hope for china to explore the path of modernization. this hope is the result of the communist party of china is from the people, take root in the people, represent the people of advanced party, and adhere to the people being creators of history of historical materialism, do everything for the masses, all rely on the masses, from the crowd, to the masses of the mass line, exploring the process of modernization, take various measures to effectively mobilize the people, organization, unity, the initiative and creativity of the people have been constantly stimulated to truly establish the dominant position of the people in the modernization process and effectively avoid the malady that the people of many late-stage modernization countries are excluded from the modernization process.

the modernization of the new era of the communist party of china, is different from the west to the capital as the center, with the help of foreign expansion plundered complete modernization path, it is also different from those who rely on external forces support, attached to a non-western countries in the world system formed the modernization path, but rather a through fully rely on the people's power, to inspire people's spirit and vitality, maintain independence, realize the modernization road of endogenous development. that is why we have been able, in just over 70 years, to make modernization achievements that western countries have made over hundreds of years, and to push the great rejuvenation of the chinese nation into an irreversible historical process.

people's character is the distinctive character of chinese modernization road

the opening up, formation and development of the chinese-style modernization path is the result of the cpc uniting the chinese people and leading them in inching forward and making down-to-earth efforts. in this process, the party respects the will expressed by the people, the experience created, the rights owned by the people, and the role played by the people, so that the road of modernization of chinese style presents a distinctive character of the people.

trust the people, rely on the people, and effectively organize and unite the people. one of the main reasons for the failure of modernization initiated by the bourgeoisie after the revolution of 1911 was that it failed to unite and organize the people effectively. "the masses, scattered in pieces, suddenly became masters of the republic of china, and it seemed that they were at a loss to know what to do and what to do. the so-called assembly was only a black union." the communist party of china, on the other hand, has formed a strong organizational force, action motivation and combat effectiveness through a strict organizational system, which can unite all forces that can be united, mobilize all resources that can be mobilized, and mobilize all factors that can be mobilized. china has a large population, and the modernization china wants to achieve is bound to be a modernization of a large population. born for and driven by the people, the communist party of china trusts and relies on the people, organizes and mobilizes the people, and unites people of all ethnic groups and all walks of life closely, pooling the wisdom and strength of the people to the maximum extent possible and forming synergy to pioneer and succeed the path of chinese-style modernization.

empower the people and truly realize that the people are the masters of the country. the key to china's continued modernization lies in the fact that the people have become the true masters of the country, society and their own destiny. shortly after the founding of new china, a constitution was drafted and 570 million people were elected nationwide to ensure the political status of the people as masters of the country. through institutional innovations such as the land reform movement, the enactment of a new marriage law and the practice of regional ethnic autonomy, china has carried out a profound and comprehensive social revolution, enabling groups that have long been exploited and oppressed, including farmers, women and ethnic minorities, to enjoy extensive democratic rights in political, economic, cultural and social life. through various channels and means, they participated extensively in the management of state affairs, economic and cultural undertakings and social affairs, and truly became masters of the country. in this process, the party has continuously expanded channels and channels for the people to participate in political affairs in an orderly manner, and concretely and practically reflected the position of the people as masters of the country in the policies and measures adopted by the party to govern the country, in the work of party and state organs in all fields and at all levels, and in the work of realizing the people's aspirations for a better life.

empower the people and constantly improve their quality and ability. modernization is human modernization in essence. the quality and ability of the people is an important index to measure the quality of modernization. in the early years of the founding of new china, the quality of the chinese population was relatively low, 80% of the population was illiterate, average life expectancy was only 35 years old, and social security was almost blank. in order to improve the quality of the masses of the people and safeguard their lives and health, china has successively set up a literacy working committee and a patriotic health campaign committee, and actively carried out large-scale and diversified literacy campaigns and patriotic health campaigns. since reform and opening up, china's education has made continuous progress. the nine-year compulsory education has become universal, the scale of higher education has grown, the health of the people has improved, and the medical security system has been improved. china's modernization drive is a process in which the quality of the population has significantly improved, the health of the people has steadily improved, and people's well-being has steadily improved. at present, the gross enrollment rate of higher education in china is 54.4 percent, and the average life expectancy is 77.3 years. china has built the world's largest social security system, and the quality and ability of the people are constantly improving to meet the needs of the times and undertakings.

we will meet people's aspirations for a better life and continue to promote reform and innovation. with the continuous development of modernization, people's material life fundamental improvement, the pursuit of a better life not only in the field of content and further widen, no longer stay in the material life of food and clothing live line etc., with the democracy, the rule of law, fairness, justice and so on demand more and more, and in the center of gravity and the quality is a major change, we need better education, more stable jobs, more income, more reliable social security, better medical and health services, more comfortable living conditions, more beautiful environment and richer cultural life. to meet these needs, it is necessary to promote modernization in the economic, political, cultural, social and ecological fields and achieve more balanced and adequate development. it is in the process of pursuing balanced and coordinated development that the chinese path of modernization has avoided many of the drawbacks of the western path of modernization. it has also avoided the problems of many developing countries, such as growth without development, growth without jobs, growth without participation, and growth without sustainability. it has formed a modernization road featuring coordinated development of material, political, spiritual, social and ecological civilizations.

development is for the people, and the fruits of modernization are shared by the people. in december 1979, when meeting with japanese prime minister masayoshi ohira, deng xiaoping said, "the four modernizations we have realized are chinese-style." then, he proposed a "three-step" development strategy: the first step is to solve the food and clothing; the second step is to achieve a well-off society; the third step is to basically achieve modernization. by the 1990s, china had basically solved the problem of food and clothing, and at the beginning of the 21st century, it had generally reached a moderately prosperous society and successfully achieved the strategic goals of the first two steps of modernization. since the 18th national congress of the cpc, thanks to the concerted efforts of the whole party and the people of all ethnic groups in china, we have achieved on schedule the goal of completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, won the battle against poverty on schedule, and made historic progress in solving the problem of absolute poverty. as we embark on a new journey to fully build a modern socialist country, we will continue to follow the path of socialist rural revitalization with chinese characteristics and ensure that low-income people and less-developed areas share in the fruits of development. we will not lag behind or catch up in the modernization process. we will continue to make development more balanced, coordinated and inclusive, expand the size of the middle-income group, promote equal access to basic public services, and make solid progress toward the goal of common prosperity for all.

we should uphold the principal position of the people and follow the chinese-style path of modernization

we should adhere to a people-centered development philosophy. the people are the greatest source of strength for the party to govern and rejuvenate the country, as well as the center and destination of the cause of modernization. china's modernization drive is the people's cause, which requires that we always adhere to the fundamental purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly, adhere to the party's mass line, always bear in mind that the country is the people and the people are the country, do everything for the people and rely on the people, and govern for the people and by the people. we must uphold the principle that development is for the people, by the people, and its fruits are shared by the people. we must firmly follow the path of common prosperity for all, and put the people first in the course of modernization.

take the people's satisfaction, satisfaction and acceptance as the criteria for testing and measuring the results of modernization. the fundamental purpose of our party leading the people in socialist modernization is to make the country strong and prosperous, rejuvenate the nation and bring happiness to the people. measure modernization is good, success is not successful, not only see a few cold digital indicators and built many tall buildings, more to see whether the people in the modernization construction obtained the real happiness, especially have a comprehensive solution to the masses of the people most concerned about, the most direct, the most realistic education, employment, income, social security, health, food safety, and other issues.

more people will benefit from the fruits of modernization and have a greater sense of benefit. while expanding the "cake" of chinese modernization, it is necessary to further divide the "cake". for example, we will address the income gap between urban and rural areas, between regions and between industries. while protecting legitimate incomes in accordance with the law, we will strengthen regulation and regulation of high incomes, prevent polarization and eliminate unfair distribution of income, and ensure that the benefits of modernization are more widely shared. we will further strengthen institutional fairness and justice, remove institutional obstacles, and ensure equal rights, opportunities, and rules in accordance with the law so that everyone can benefit more equitably from the fruits of development.

we will develop people's democracy throughout the process and allow more people to participate in the cause of modernization. the essence of the whole process of people's democracy is to better organize and mobilize all the people in the process of modernization so as to form the strength of the whole people. for this, we need to further improve the democratic mechanism, widen the channel of the democracy, rich forms of democracy, the democratic election, democratic consultation, democratic policy-making, democratic management and democratic supervision study, let the people more actively involved in the modernization drive, realize the people are masters of the country, enjoy a more extensive and practical way of modernization.

source: party construction network